Alexander Alexandrovich Arkhangelsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Арха́нгельский, 1892–1978) was an aircraft designer and doctor of technical sciences.
He graduated from MVTU in 1918. During his studies he worked at the aerodynamic laboratory headed by Nikolai Zhukovsky. He then worked at TsAGI in 1918–1936.
He designed and built several aerosleds ARBES along with B. S. Stechkin. After the establishment of the aircraft design bureau of Andrei Tupolev at TsAGI, he participated in all ANT designs.
In 1932, he was appointed a chief of the department of high speed aircraft. He was the leading designer of the first Soviet bomber ANT-40 (SB) and its transport development, the PS-35. Since 1936 he was chief of the bureau and responsible for large scale production of SB. He was Chief Designer of Ar-2.
Arhangelsky OKB rejoined Tupolev OKB in 1941.
Since 1947 he was the first deputy chief designer.