Aria : Work information


This work

Work name
Aria
Work number
BWV 587
Key
F
Genre
A
Composed
1725-01-01 02:01:00

This recording

Label
Hänssler
Producer
Wolfgang Mittermaier, Lien van de Poel
Engineer
Wolfgang Mittermaier, Lien van de Poel
Recording date
1999-10-01 01:00:00

The Composers

Johann Sebastian Bach

One of the greatest composers in history, Johann Sebastian Bach (father of C.P.E, J. C. and W. F. Bach) was by far the most significant member of the Bach dynasty of musicians.

He outshone his forebears and contemporaries, but did not always receive the respect he deserved in his own lifetime. After a brief engagement as a violinist in the court of Weimar, Bach became organist at the Neukirche in Arnstadt. In June 1707 he moved to St. Blasius, Mühlhausen, and married his cousin Maria Barbara Bach. In 1708 he was appointed court organist in Weimar where he composed most of his works for organ. In 1717, he was appointed Court Kapellmeister to the young Prince Leopold at Cöthen, but was refused permission to leave Weimar. The Duke only allowed Bach to go after holding him prisoner for nearly a month.

While at Weimar, Bach wrote his violin concertos and the six Brandenburg Concertos, as well as several suites, sonatas and keyboard works, including several, such as the Inventions and Book I of the 48 Preludes and Fugues (The Well-tempered Clavier). In 1720 Maria Barbara died, and the next year Bach married Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Bach resigned the post in Weimar in 1723 to become cantor at St. Thomas’ School in Leipzig where he was responsible for music in the four main churches of the city. Here he wrote the Magnificat and the St. John and St. Matthew Passions, as well as a large quantity of other church music. In Leipzig he eventually took charge of the University “Collegium Musicum” and occupied himself with the collection and publication of many of his earlier compositions.

Over the years that followed, Bach’s interest in composing church music declined somewhat, and he took to writing more keyboard music and cantatas. As his eyesight began to fail, he underwent operations to try and correct the problem, and these may have weakened him in his old age. He died at age 65, having fathered a total of 20 children with his two wives. Despite widespread neglect for almost a century after his death, Bach is now regarded as one of the greatest of all composers and is still an inexhaustible source of inspiration for musicians. Bach’s compositions are catalogued by means of the prefix BWV (Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis) and a numbering system which is generally accepted for convenience of reference.

Related Composers: Pachelbel, Telemann, Handel, Couperin

Also influenced: Mendelssohn, Brahms, Stravinsky, Hindemith 

François Couperin

The son of the organist at St Gervaise, Couperin took up the same post on his eighteenth birthday after deputising for Lalande.  His first major work was the collection Pieces d'orgue, comprising two organ masses.  In 1693 Louis XIV selected Couperin to play at his court where inspired by the work of Jean-Baptiste Lully and Arcangelo Corelli he began to write trio sonatas.  His royal connection allowed him further opportunities to travel and instruct the French nobility, and his teaching eventually led him to write his manual L'Art de toucher le clavecin, published in 1716.

Couperin published many collections of harpsichord music which attempted to unify the French and Italian styles, an aim many regarded with skepticism.  His work was nonetheless greatly influential and it kept him in high esteem at court into the reign of Louis XV.  Even long after his death he was paid tribute in works by Debussy, Ravel and Richard Strauss .

- MIDI FILE - "Les Papillons" (2'48'')

Track listing

  • 3:26 min