Chorale Preludes in Clavier-ubung, iii. : Work information
- Work name
- Chorale Preludes in Clavier-ubung, iii.
- Work number
- BWV 669-689
- 1739-01-01 02:00:00
- Wolfgang Mittermaier
- Wolfgang Mittermaier
- Recording date
- 1998-10-01 01:00:00
Johann Sebastian Bach
One of the greatest composers in history, Johann Sebastian Bach (father of C.P.E, J. C. and W. F. Bach) was by far the most significant member of the Bach dynasty of musicians.
He outshone his forebears and contemporaries, but did not always receive the respect he deserved in his own lifetime. After a brief engagement as a violinist in the court of Weimar, Bach became organist at the Neukirche in Arnstadt. In June 1707 he moved to St. Blasius, Mühlhausen, and married his cousin Maria Barbara Bach. In 1708 he was appointed court organist in Weimar where he composed most of his works for organ. In 1717, he was appointed Court Kapellmeister to the young Prince Leopold at Cöthen, but was refused permission to leave Weimar. The Duke only allowed Bach to go after holding him prisoner for nearly a month.
While at Weimar, Bach wrote his violin concertos and the six Brandenburg Concertos, as well as several suites, sonatas and keyboard works, including several, such as the Inventions and Book I of the 48 Preludes and Fugues (The Well-tempered Clavier). In 1720 Maria Barbara died, and the next year Bach married Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Bach resigned the post in Weimar in 1723 to become cantor at St. Thomas’ School in Leipzig where he was responsible for music in the four main churches of the city. Here he wrote the Magnificat and the St. John and St. Matthew Passions, as well as a large quantity of other church music. In Leipzig he eventually took charge of the University “Collegium Musicum” and occupied himself with the collection and publication of many of his earlier compositions.
Over the years that followed, Bach’s interest in composing church music declined somewhat, and he took to writing more keyboard music and cantatas. As his eyesight began to fail, he underwent operations to try and correct the problem, and these may have weakened him in his old age. He died at age 65, having fathered a total of 20 children with his two wives. Despite widespread neglect for almost a century after his death, Bach is now regarded as one of the greatest of all composers and is still an inexhaustible source of inspiration for musicians. Bach’s compositions are catalogued by means of the prefix BWV (Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis) and a numbering system which is generally accepted for convenience of reference.
- Kyrie, Gott Vater in Ewigkeit, BWV 669 3:32 min
- Christe, aller Welt Trost, BWV 670 4:53 min
- Kyrie, Gott heiliger Geist, BWV 671 5:00 min
- Kyrie, Gott Vater in Ewigkeit, BWV 672 2:03 min
- Christe, aller Welt Trost, BWV 673 1:50 min
- Kyrie, Gott heiliger Geist, BWV 674 1:38 min
- Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, BWV 675 3:11 min
- Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, BWV 676 4:48 min
- Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, BWV 677 1:24 min
- Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, BWV 678 4:53 min
- Fughetta super Dies sind die heiligen zehen Gebot, BWV 679 1:56 min
- Wir gläuben all an einen Gott, BWV 680 3:07 min
- Wir gläuben all an einen Gott, BWV 681 1:16 min
- Vater unser im Himmelreich, BWV 682 6:45 min
- Vater unser im Himmelreich, BWV 683 1:12 min
- Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam, BWV 684 4:27 min
- Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam, BWV 685 1:33 min
- Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir, BWV 686 6:15 min
- Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir, BWV 687 4:49 min
- Jesus Christus, unser Heiland, der von uns den Zorn Gottes wandt, BWV 688 3:42 min
- Fuga super Jesus Christus unser Heiland, BWV 689 4:39 min