3 Nocturnes : Work information

Composers
Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin ( Music, Images,)
Performed by
Joseph Seiger (Piano), Mischa Elman (Violin)

This work

Work name
3 Nocturnes
Work number
Op. 9
Key
n/a
Genre
A
Composed
1831-01-01 02:00:00

This recording

Label
Artemis-Vanguard
Producer
Seymour Solomon
Engineer
Marc Aubort
Recording date
1959-10-01 01:00:00

The Composers

Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin

Since all that survives of Chopin is the brilliant music that he wrote, it's all too easy to forget that he was also a great performer. He wrote difficult and innovative music so that he could perform it himself.

Chopin’s father was a French schoolteacher, and his mother was Polish. He grew up in Warsaw, Poland, and studied music as a child, and then at the Warsaw Conservatory between 1826 and 1829. He had already published several pieces of music, and during 1829 and 1830 he became well-known as a pianist, giving concerts in Warsaw and Vienna. He composed almost all of his music for the piano (although sometimes with orchestral accompaniment). He tended to write his music actually at the piano, sometimes struggling to put his ideas onto paper. But he was unhappy in Poland and set off on a European tour, stopping in 1831 in Paris, one of the great musical centres of Europe. 

Here, Chopin was praised as a musician by such composers as Liszt and Schumann , among others, and rapidly became famous. He played mostly for private audiences, although he did give a few public performances, and he was particularly known for his skill at improvising. He would use many of the musical ideas and styles from Polish folk music, and many of his compositions are directly linked to Polish dances and musical forms, such as the Mazurka. Chopin also established himself as a teacher, and many of his compositions were written to be used by his pupils, such as studies, preludes, waltzes, nocturnes, mazurkas and impromptus. These pieces are not perhaps as difficult as the larger-scale works he produced for concert performance, such as the scherzos, ballades, sonatas and the barcarolle, which were written for himself to perform. 

Chopin was very inventive in the way he wrote music. While in form it was often quite simple - basically a tune and an accompaniment - it was often full of variation and interest. He used the sustaining pedal of the piano in a way which composers had not done before, and produced a delicacy both when playing and when composing which was considered highly innovative. This made it very popular, and his music was published in Paris, London and Leipzig. As a measure of Chopin’s popularity and fame, when he died of tuberculosis in 1849, 3,000 people attended his funeral.

Related Composers: Schumann, Field

Track listing

  • No. 2 in E flat major 5:27 min

Notes

The term 'Nocturne', when applied to piano music, was first coined in 1812 by the Irish composer John Field. His nocturnes established the defining characteristics of the genre: a lyrical melody accompanied by broken chords. However, it was the 21 examples by Chopin that raised the Nocturne to new artistic heights and popularity.

The three nocturnes published as Op. 9 were amongst Chopin's earliest expressions in the genre. Written in 1830-1, they are highly lyrical works with beautfiul rhapsodic melodies and interesting harmonic twists. No. 2 in E flat major is particularly well-loved, and the haunting, hypnotic beauty of No. 1 in B flat minor is wonderful. No. 3 concludes the set with a highly florid and harmonically adventurous nocturne.