Così fan tutte : Work information
- Work name
- Così fan tutte
- Work number
- K. 588
- 1789-01-01 02:00:00
- Ivan Pastor
- Ulrich Ruscher-Muller
- Recording date
- 1999-04-01 01:00:00
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are generally held to mark the peak of Viennese Classicism. As a composer who excelled in every genre, he can be rightly regarded as one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music.
Born on 27 January 1756 in Salzburg, Austria, Wolfgang received his musical education from his father, Leopold and quickly showed aptitude, playing his sister's piano pieces at the age of four and composing from the age of five. Leopold, fully aware of the remarkable talents of Wolfgang and his sister, Nannerl, took the family around Europe, showcasing his children before Kings and Queens.
Having toured as a child prodigy for ten years and come into contact with all manner of musical styles and practices, including a meeting with J C Bach in London, Mozart began his adult musical career in Salzburg in 1773 in the employ of the Archbishop.
Although the greater part of his job was to compose church music, the young Mozart quickly became the chief composer of instrumental and vocal music in Salzburg and gradually became more dissatisfied with his position. Matters came to a head in 1781 when Mozart realised he could make a living as a freelance musician in Vienna. By the end of 1781, having obtained a release from his employment, he was established as the greatest keyboard player in the Austrian capital.
Mozart's finest works date from the ten years he spent in Vienna, the last years of his tragically short life. His reputation as a composer was immediately established with the opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail, and shortly after he married Constanze Weber. Their marriage appears to have a happy one, though both were financially naive.
The busiest years were between 1784 and 1788, in a period of financial security. Mozart gave numerous subscription concerts, for which he composed a dozen excellent piano concerti, in addition to private concerts for the local nobility. In 1784 Mozart also became a freemason at a lodge in Vienna and often composed music for meetings, most notably the Mauerische Trauermusik.
Opera, however, was still Mozart's priority and he scored great successes in Vienna and Prague with Le nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni. These were followed in the final two years of his life by three more operatic masterpieces: Così fan Tutte, La Clemenza di Tito and Die Zauberflöte.
After the death of Leopold in May 1787 and a temporary lull in creative activity, Mozart began to give fewer concerts. His finances suffered as a result and from mid-1788 he was often in debt, forced to rely on loans from friends. However, the Mozarts never had to do without servants or any other luxuries of their class.
Mozart's work was still attracting international interest and was widely published. He was working on a Requiem commission when he died on 5 December 1791 from rheumatic inflammatory fever, but there is no evidence that this was in any way a burden on him as is sometimes suggested. Nor is there any evidence that he was poisoned, by Salieri or anybody else. He was buried in a common grave, as was the usual custom at the time, on a calm, mild day (not the snowy, stormy day of legend).
Mozart's reputation continued to spread after his death with Breitkopf & Härtel releasing a 'collected edition' of Mozart's works as early as 1798. In 1862, Köchel released his thematic catalogue of Mozart's works (works in Mozart's catalogue are thus prefixed by the letter K) prompting Breitkopf to publish a 'complete edition' between 1877 and 1883. His popularity has, if anything, grown to new heights in recent times with the majority of his works occupying prominent places in the repertory.
- Overture 4:26 min
- La mia Dorebella capace 2:00 min
- Fuor la spada! 1:16 min
- E la fede delle femmine 1:28 min
- Scioccherie di poeti 1:44 min
- Una bella serenta 2:28 min
- Ah guarda sorella 4:26 min
- Mi par, che stamattina 1:16 min
- Vorrei dir e cor non ho 0:46 min
- Stelle! per carità, Signor Alfonso 1:09 min
- Sento, o Dio, che questo piede 4:45 min
- La commedia è graziosa 0:27 min
- Bella vita militar! 1:41 min
- Non v'è più tempo, amici 0:36 min
- Muojo d'affanno 2:12 min
- Bella vita militar! 0:52 min
- Dove son? Son partiti 1:06 min
- Soave sia il vento 3:18 min
- Non son cattivo comico! - Nel mare solca 1:12 min
- Che vita maledetta 1:02 min
- Ah, scostati! 1:22 min
- Smanie implacabilli, che m'agitate 2:09 min
- Signora Dorabella Signora Flordiligi 2:08 min
- In uomini, in soldati sperare fedeltà? 2:32 min
- Che silenzio! che aspetto di tristezza 2:48 min
- Alla bella Despinetta 4:38 min
- Che susurro! che strepito 4:10 min
- Come scoglio immoto resta 4:23 min
- Ah non partite! 1:06 min
- Non siate ritrosi 1:42 min
- E roi ridete? 1:05 min
- Si può sapere un poco 1:09 min
- Un'aura amorosa del nostro tesoro 4:46 min
- Oh la saria da ridere 2:43 min
- Ah che tutta in un momento 3:11 min
- Si mora sì 5:56 min
- Ecco vi il medico 3:18 min
- Finale - Dove son? 3:56 min
- Dammi un bacio 4:17 min
- Andante là, che siete due bizzarre ragazze! 3:33 min
- Una donna a quindici anni 3:41 min
- Soriela cosa dici? 1:40 min
- Prenderò quel brunettino 3:09 min
- Ah, correte al giardino! 0:22 min
- Secondate, aurette amiche 3:15 min
- Il tutto deponete sopra quei tavolini 0:58 min
- La mano a me date 2:51 min
- Oh che bella giornata! 3:06 min
- Il core vi dono 4:46 min
- Ei parte..senti...ah no! 2:05 min
- Per pietà, ben mio, perdona 7:26 min
- Amico, abbiamo vinto! 2:26 min
- Recit: Il mio ritratto! 1:48 min
- Donne mie, la fate a tanti 3:11 min
- In qual fiero contrasto 1:40 min
- Tradito, schernito dal perfido cor 2:05 min
- Bravo! questa è constanza 1:32 min
- Ora vedo che siete 2:37 min
- È amore un ladroncello 3:23 min
- Come tutto congiura 1:56 min
- L'abito di Ferrando 1:10 min
- Fra gli amplessi in pochi istanti 6:38 min
- Oh poveretto me! 2:17 min
- Tutti accusan le donne 1:03 min
- Vittoria padroncin! 0:38 min
- Finale: fate presto o cari amici 1:50 min
- Benedetti i doppi conjugi 4:02 min
- Finale - Tutta, tutta, o vita mea 3:12 min
- Miei Signori, tutto è fatto 4:04 min
- Sani e salvi 5:30 min
- Finale - Scena Ultima: Ed al magnetico 4:21 min
Mozart's final collaboration with librettisist Lorenzo Da Ponte was on the comic opera Cosi fan tutte. The most efficiently constructed of the three Mozart-Da Ponte collaborations, Cosi is a masterpiece of dramatism, and contains some great music as well!
Written at the end of 1789 and first performed on 26 January 1790, performances of the opera were interrupted by the death of Emperor Joseph II in February. Five more performances were given in the summer, but Mozart's desperate financial situation continued.
The tale of two officers and their lovers, Cosi fan tutte (All Women are the Same) is a study of the fickleness of love. Arousing moral outrage at the time, it nevertheless deals with its subject matter in an adult and realistic manner.
The popular overture maintains a regular place in the concert hall, while other much-loved extracts include the trio Soave sia il vento (Gently blow the wind) and the touching quintet Di scrivermi ogni giorno.