Medtner was a Russian composer and pianist. He was born in Moscow in 1880 and studied at the conservatoire there, but left Russia in 1921. He lived in Germany and France and toured as a concert pianist, making his debut in America in 1924 with the Philadelphia Orchestra. He wrote a great deal of piano music (including three concertos) which owed a great deal to German romanticism. He wrote a book in 1935 opposing modern innovations and affirming his faith in tonality. He also settled in England, where he lived until his death in 1951.