Il Turco in Italia : Work information
- Work name
- Il Turco in Italia
- Work number
- 1814-01-01 02:00:00
- Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
- Alan Peters
- Dick Lewzey
- Recording date
Gioachino (Antonio) RossiniRossini’s parents were both musicians, and lived in Bologna, Italy. His father was a horn player and his mother was a singer, and they both taught their son. It is known that Rossini sang in at least one opera when he was a boy. His career as a composer began early in his life, when, at age 18, he wrote a one-act opera which was performed in Venice. He soon began to receive commissions from all over Italy, including Bologna, Ferrara, Venice and Milan. Rossini’s first big success was at La Scala in Milan, with La Pietra del Paragone (1812). He wrote seven operas in 16 months, and all but one of them were comic.
Rossini’s first international success came in 1813 when he was still in his early twenties, when he wrote several operas for Venice. These include L'Italiana in Algeri (The Italian in Algiers), one of his most enduring comic operas. He also wrote operas for performance in Milan, but these were not quite so successful. In 1815 Rossini went to Naples and became Musical and Artistic Director of the Teatro San Carlo. While there, he wrote some comic operas for other opera houses, such as Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber Of Seville) (1816). This was a failure at first, but later became very popular and was acclaimed by such composers as Beethoven and Verdi .
In 1817 Rossini also wrote La Cenerentola, but his prestigious post prompted him to write more serious operas, and these are some of the most complex of his works. They include Otello (1816) and Maometto II (1820). It was also around this time, in 1822, that Rossini married the principal soprano at Naples, Isabella Colbran. She was the mistress of the impresario Barbaia, and the marriage quickly became unhappy.
Rossini left Naples and returned to Bologna, and shortly afterwards left for London. He then went to Paris in 1823, and took on the directorship of the Théâtre-Italien, composing for that theatre and the Opéra. It was here that he wrote Guillaume Tell (William Tell).
At the age of 37, Rossini retired from composing opera. He lived with Olympe Pélissier, and in 1837 left Paris to live in Bologna once again. He became ill and hardly composed at all. His estranged wife Isabella died in 1845, and the next year he married Olympe, with whom he had now lived for 15 years. One notable composition from this time is his Stabat Mater.
Rossini, by now an respected musical figure, was often called upon to give his opinion of new works, and so it was that during this period that he is said to have remarked, "One can't judge Wagner 's opera Lohengrin after a first hearing, and I certainly don't intend hearing it a second time."
In 1855 Rossini returned to Paris much healthier, and began to compose in earnest once again. It was in Paris that he wrote the highly popular Petite Messe Solennelle (1863), scored for piano, harmonium and singers. He died in 1868, a very popular figure and one who had brought a great deal of lyricism and wit into both opera and other forms of music.
A customary operatic tale of thwarted love, mistaken identity, and double-dealings, Rossini's Il Turco in Italia (The Turk in Italy) was first performed at Milan's Teatro alla Scala on 14 August 1814. A comic opera in two acts, it concludes with that most useful of operatic devices, a masked ball, after which the two lovers, Zaida and Selim sail back to Turkey, leaving the Italians to sort out the confusions.
Il Turco in Italia's best numbers are the ensembles, particularly in the Act 1 finale. Indeed, the character of Prosdocimo, the poet and architect of the drama, is never given an aria or duet and a few of the solo arias, written to satisfy the demands of individual singers, are not even by Rossini. Popular extracts include the Act 2 quintet 'Oh, guardate che accidente' as poor Geronio grows ever more perplexed by the hidden identities at the ball, and the lively overture, a frequent concert-hall favourite.