Boris Godunov : Work information

Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky ( Music, Images,)
Performed by
Nicolaï Ghiaurov (Bass), Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tchakarov (Conductor)

This work

Work name
Boris Godunov
Work number
1869-01-01 02:00:00

This recording

Forlane CI
Ivan Pastor
Recording date
1995-01-01 00:00:00

Track listing

  • Skorbit Dusha! 9:53 min
  • Proshchay Moy Syn 11:32 min


Boris GodunovMussorgsky's most famous operatic contribution to the musical canon, has a chequered history.

Begun in 1868 and based on Pushkin's play, the original version was completed by December 1869. Mussorgsky had found financial stability by returning to work in the civil service at the Ministry of State Property and his settled lifestyle allowed rapid composition. Negotiations for performance began, but work on a new opera intervened.

In February 1871 the Mariinsky Theatre rejected the score, prompting Mussorgsky to heavily revise the work in 1872. Extracts of the revised score were performed throughout St. Petersburg, but the Mariinsky Theatre continued to reject the work. Finally they relented to popular pressure and a complete performance was given on 8 February 1874.

Following Mussorgsky's death, however, the score was further revised to an almost unrecognisable state by Rimsky-Korsakov. Recent years have witnessed a return to the original text as the favoured version for productions.

In any version, Boris is a masterpiece of lyricism and naturalism. Large set-pieces place it firmly in the Grand Opera tradition, while the score is also full of harmonic and melodic subtleties. Popular extracts include the Coronation Scene (Prologue, Scene II) and Boris's Act II monlogue Dostig ya vysshei vlasti (I stand supreme in power).

The Composers

Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky

Mussorgsky was taught the piano from an early age by his mother, and at the age of nine played a concerto by Field to an audience in his parents’ house. In 1852 he entered the Guards’ Cadet School in St. Petersburg. He tried to write an opera in 1856, even though he had not studied harmony or composition. He joined the Guards in the same year. In 1857 he met  Dargomïzhsky and Cui, and through them Balakirev and Stasov. This was the beginning of The ‘Big Five’, or ‘Mighty Handful’, consisting of Mussorgsky, Balakirev, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov and Borodin. Mussorgsky persuaded Balakirev to give him lessons, and he composed some songs and piano sonatas.

In 1858 he resigned his commission, and the next year, after an inspirational visit to Moscow, his works began to be performed in public. But he remained uneasy about his life, and started to write music which he then abandoned. He worked in the Ministry of Communications and lived in a commune with five other young men. In 1865 his mother died and he developed dipsomania. Two years later he lost his job. Mussorgsky spent the summer of that year at his brother’s house, where his compositions included his first important orchestral work, St. John’s Night on the Bare Mountain.

Early in 1869 Mussorgsky reentered government service and completed the original version of the opera Boris Godunov. After some difficulty and much re-writing, it was eventually staged in February 1874. Despite an increasing dependence on alcohol, which reduced his ability to concentrate on composing, he continued to write such music as Pictures at an Exhibition. This was written for the piano and only arranged for orchestra by Maurice Ravel after Mussorgsky’s death. In 1878, his director at the Ministry allowed him to leave for a three-month concert tour with the contralto Darya Leonova. After he left government service in January 1880, Leonova helped provide him with employment and a home. However, on the 23 February the next year he went to her in a state of despair, rambling about having nothing to live for. He was taken to hospital and found to be suffering from alcoholic epilepsy. He died there a month later, leaving many of his works unfinished.

Related Composers: Cui, Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin, Ravel

-MIDI FILE - Night on the Bare Mountain (11'58'')