Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 : Work information

Johann Sebastian Bach ( Music, Images,)
Performed by
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Jonathan Carney (Conductor)

This work

Work name
Brandenburg Concerto No. 3
Work number
BWV 1048
1713-01-01 02:00:00

This recording

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Alan Peters
Floating Earth
Recording date

Track listing

  • Allegro 5:46 min
  • Adagio ma non tanto 3:19 min
  • Allegro 5:28 min


The set of six concertos that Bach dedicated to Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg on 24 March 1721 were likely written over a long period and merely assembled on this date. They differ markedly in style and instrumentation, exploring and developing the prevailing concerto grosso and solo concerto genres.

The Third Brandenburg Concerto is one of the most popular. An all string concerto, Bach uses three groups of violin, viola and cello with a separate continuo group, a symmetry that is mirrored structurally. It is likely that this concerto, with its Italianate influences, dates from  Bach's time in Weimar.

The first and third movements are wonderfully intricate, the three groups answering each other imitatively. The second movement was probably meant to be improvised by the keyboard player as only the final cadence is notated in the manuscript.

The Composers

Johann Sebastian Bach

One of the greatest composers in history, Johann Sebastian Bach (father of C.P.E, J. C. and W. F. Bach) was by far the most significant member of the Bach dynasty of musicians.

He outshone his forebears and contemporaries, but did not always receive the respect he deserved in his own lifetime. After a brief engagement as a violinist in the court of Weimar, Bach became organist at the Neukirche in Arnstadt. In June 1707 he moved to St. Blasius, Mühlhausen, and married his cousin Maria Barbara Bach. In 1708 he was appointed court organist in Weimar where he composed most of his works for organ. In 1717, he was appointed Court Kapellmeister to the young Prince Leopold at Cöthen, but was refused permission to leave Weimar. The Duke only allowed Bach to go after holding him prisoner for nearly a month.

While at Weimar, Bach wrote his violin concertos and the six Brandenburg Concertos, as well as several suites, sonatas and keyboard works, including several, such as the Inventions and Book I of the 48 Preludes and Fugues (The Well-tempered Clavier). In 1720 Maria Barbara died, and the next year Bach married Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Bach resigned the post in Weimar in 1723 to become cantor at St. Thomas’ School in Leipzig where he was responsible for music in the four main churches of the city. Here he wrote the Magnificat and the St. John and St. Matthew Passions, as well as a large quantity of other church music. In Leipzig he eventually took charge of the University “Collegium Musicum” and occupied himself with the collection and publication of many of his earlier compositions.

Over the years that followed, Bach’s interest in composing church music declined somewhat, and he took to writing more keyboard music and cantatas. As his eyesight began to fail, he underwent operations to try and correct the problem, and these may have weakened him in his old age. He died at age 65, having fathered a total of 20 children with his two wives. Despite widespread neglect for almost a century after his death, Bach is now regarded as one of the greatest of all composers and is still an inexhaustible source of inspiration for musicians. Bach’s compositions are catalogued by means of the prefix BWV (Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis) and a numbering system which is generally accepted for convenience of reference.

Related Composers: Pachelbel, Telemann, Handel, Couperin

Also influenced: Mendelssohn, Brahms, Stravinsky, Hindemith