Capitol Revue : Work information

Composers
George Gershwin ( Music, Images,)
Performed by
George Gershwin (Recording Artist), G. Gershwin (Writer), Mannie Klein (Trumpet), Ben Selvin (Violin), Buck Washington (Piano), John "bubbles" Sublett (Vocal), Billie Holiday & Her Orchestra (Recording Artist), Dick Mcdonough (Guitar), Artie Shaw (Clarinet), Joe Bushkin (Piano), Bunny Berigan (Trumpet), Pete Peterson (String Bass), Ira Gershwin (Writer), Dorothy Heyward (Writer), Buster Bailey (Vocals), Buster Bailey (Coronet), Maxine Sullivan & Her Orchestra (Recording Artist), Maxine Sullivan & Her Orchestra (Orchestra), Johnny Green & His Orchestra (Musician), George Gershwin (Music By), Ira Gershwin (Lyrics By), Al Jolson (Vocals), I. Caesar (Writer), Benny Goodman (Recording Artist), Mike Bryan (Guitar), Morey Feld (Drums), Mel Powell (Piano), G. Kahn (Writer), Axel Stordahl (Arranged By), Axel Stordahl (Conductor), Ray Hagan (Drums), Mischa Russell (Violin), Samuel Freed, Jr (Viola), George Van Eps (Guitar), Buddy Clark (Recording Artist), Dinah Shore (Recording Artist), Harry Zimmerman (Conductor), Lou Bring (Conductor), Jane Russell (Recording Artist), Jane Russell (Vocals), B.g. Desylva (Writer), Percy Faith & His Orchestra (Musician), Dorothy Kirsten (Recording Artist), Morton Gould And His Orchestra (Recording Artist), Martin Gould (Piano), Freddie Green (Guitar), Buck Clayton (Trumpet), Walter Page (String Bass), Gene Kelly (Vocals), Felicia Sanders (Recording Artist), Doris Day (Recording Artist), Rosemary Clooney (Vocals), Philharmonic-symphony Orchestra Of New York (Musician), Oscar Levant (Piano), Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York (Recording Artist), Michael Tilson Thomas (Conductor), Don Rose (Arranged By), Tony Bennett (Vocals), Marty Paich (Conductor), I. Gershwin (Writer), Steven Epstein (Producer), Los Angeles Philharmonic (Orchestra), Ella Fitzgerald (Recording Artist), Ella Fitzgerald (Vocals), Budd Johnson (Tenor Saxophone), Jonah Jones (Trumpet), Butch Miles (Drums), Alberta Hunter (Recording Artist), Alberta Hunter (Vocals), Vishnu Wood (Bass), Jay Leonhart (Acoustic Bass), Mike Renzi (Arranged By), Maureen Mcgovern (Recording Artist), Maureen Mcgovern (Vocals), Jeff Harris (Piano), Jeff Harris (Arranged By), Milt Hinton (Bass), Eric Cohen (Drums), Robert Mersey (Arranged By), Robert Mersey (Conductor), Andre Kostelanetz & His Orchestra (Musician), D. Heyward (Writer), Aretha Franklin (Recording Artist), Bill Lee (Bass), Ray Bryant (Piano), Belton Evans (Drums), Adele Addison (Vocals), Robert Mcferrin (Vocals), Gil Evans (Conductor), Miles Davis (Recording Artist), Romeo Penque (Clarinet), Ernie Royal (Trumpet), Frank Rehak (Trombone), Danny Bank (Alto Flute), Danny Bank (Bass Clarinet), Johnny Coles (Trumpet), Bill Barner (Tuba), Sarah Vaughan (Recording Artist), George Gaffney (Piano), Cab Calloway (Recording Artist), Ralph Sharon Trio (Musician), Tony Bennett (Arranger), Ralph Sharon (Arranger), Andrew Kazdin (Producer), Andre Kostelanetz (Recording Artist), Michael Feinstein (Vocals), Michael Feinstein (Piano), George Gershwin (Piano), Ethel Waters (Recording Artist), Ethel Waters (Vocals), Jimmy Dorsey (Clarinet), Tommy Dorsey (Trombone), I. Gershwin (Writer), Buck & Bubbles (Recording Artist), Buck Washington (Vocal), John "bubbles" Sublett (Tap Dancer), Billie Holiday (Vocals), George Gershwin (Writer), Cozy Cole (Drums), Dubose Heyward (Writer), Claude Thornhill (Director), Maxine Sullivan (Vocals), Fred Astaire (Recording Artist), Fred Astaire (Vocals), Al Jolson (Recording Artist), Ray Heindorf (Arranged By), Leo F. Forbstein (Conductor), Red Norvo (Vibes), Benny Goodman (Clarinet), Frank Sinatra (Recording Artist), Frank Sinatra (Vocals), John Ryan (Bass), Fred Goerner (Cello), David Frisina (Violin), Mark Mclntye (Piano), John Mayhew (Flute), Buddy Clark (Vocals), Dinah Shore (Vocals), Dorothy Kirsten (Vocals), Harry Edison (Trumpet), Lester Young (Tenor Saxophone), Joe Sullivan (Piano), Jo Jones (Drums), Jack Washington (Alto Saxophone), Earl Warren (Alto Saxophone), Johnny Green (Conductor), Gene Kelly (Recording Artist), Red Callender (Bass), Felicia Sanders (Vocals), Irving Joseph (Piano), Norm Jeffries (Drums), Harry James & His Orchestra (Recording Artist), Harry James & His Orchestra (Musician), E. Sauter (Writer), Doris Day (Vocals), Paul Weston (Conductor), Frank Devol & His Orchestra (Musician), Rosemary Clooney (Recording Artist), Georges Guetary (Recording Artist), Arthur Francis (Writer), Oscar Levant (Recording Artist), Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra (Recording Artist), Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra (Musician), Tony Bennett (Recording Artist), Torrie Zito (Conductor), The Hi-lo's (Recording Artist), Michael Tilson Thomas (Recording Artist), Michael Tilson Thomas (Piano), Los Angeles Philharmonic (Recording Artist), Ellis Larkins (Piano), Billy Butler (Guitar), Doc Cheatham (Trumpet), Vic Dickinson (Trombone), Gerald Cook (Piano), B. Macdonald (Writer), Dick Hyman (Recording Artist), Dick Hyman (Piano), Ira Gershwin (1896-1983) (Lyrics By), Mel Torm

This work

Work name
Capitol Revue
Work number
n/a
Key
n/a
Genre
A
Composed
1918-01-01 02:00:00

This recording

Label
SONY CLASSICAL/LEGACY
Producer
n/a
Engineer
n/a
Recording date
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The Composers

George Gershwin

Primarily a songwriter, George Gershwin also produced a number of well-loved concert works that point to his genius for melody and the rhythms of jazz. Never one to distinguish between popular and classical genres, his tragically early death at the age of 38 surely robbed the world of yet more classic songs and further successes in the concert hall.

Born to Russian immigrant parents in Brooklyn, New York on 26 September 1898, Gershwin first discovered his remarkable natural ability on the piano in 1910. By 1912 he was the classically trained pupil of Charles Hambitzer, but in 1914 dropped out of school to work for Jerome H. Remick & Co., a publishing firm on Tin Pan Alley.

Working as a song-plugger (promoting the firm's songs to potential performers), he also began to compose his own songs and piano pieces. At the same time, Gershwin also continued his classical training, studying harmony, counterpoint, orchestration and form with Kilenyi.

In 1917, Gershwin left Remick & Co. to become a rehearsal pianist on Broadway, still composing his own songs, which by now were being noticed and published. By the end of 1918, three Broadway shows featured his music and his first full Broadway score, La La Lucille opened in May 1919.

Gershwin made the big time with the hit song, Swanee, famously sung by Al Jolson; royalties in 1920 alone brought him $10,000. He continued to produce hit shows for producer George White, including Lady be Good in 1924, the first for which his brother Ira supplied all the lyrics.

1924 also marked Gershwin's compositional debut in the concert hall, in a concert promoted as 'An Experiment in Modern Music' and presented by Paul Whiteman's dance band. The experiment in question demonstrated the elevation of jazz music through a symphonic arrangement; the piece was the inimitable Rhapsody in Blue, quickly gaining the praise of both the public and the critics.

Growing in fame and fortune, and moving in theatrical and literary social circles, Gershwin followed up Rhapsody with further concert works, including the Concerto in F for Piano and An American in Paris. The latter was written in 1928, mostly during a tour to Europe where the successful composer met colleagues ProkofievMilhaudRavelWalton, and Berg. Stravinsky, on being approached for lessons, is supposed to asked with typical candour: "How much do you earn from music Mr Gershwin?". Upon hearing the reply, he retorted: "In that case, I should study with you!"

Having broadened his scope without dulling his popular appeal, Gershwin continued to write hit shows for Broadway, though less frequently than before. Girl Crazy appeared in 1930 and 1931's Of Thee I Sing won the Pulitzer Prize for drama.

Still anxious to pursue his concert aspirations, though, Gershwin studied with Joseph Schillinger from 1932 to 1936, producing the Cuban Overture and, most importantly, his opera Porgy and Bess in 1935. Amazingly for an opera, Porgy opened on Broadway, further dissolving the barriers between popular and classical music.

Having finally moved to Hollywood with Ira in August 1936 after signing a contract with RKO studios to provide songs for the movies, Gershwin's sudden death in July 1937 shocked the entertainment world. Complaining of dizzy spells, he suddenly fell into a coma on July 9. A brain tumour was diagnosed and emergency surgery carried out, but Gershwin died on 11 July.

Gerhswin's legacy lies in the phenomenal number of indisputably classical songs he wrote, including such varied gems as: Someone to Watch Over Me (1926), I got rhythm (1930), and Nice Work if You can Get It (1937). In addition, he showed with the jazz-influenced style of his orchestral works and his opera, Porgy and Bess, that his genius for melody could transcend any barriers of genre or style.

Related composers: Maurice Ravel, Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern

 

Track listing

  • Andante con moto e poco rubato 2:39 min
  • Act I: I got rhythm 3:03 min
  • Oh, Lady be Good! 3:28 min
  • Act I: Summertime 2:53 min
  • Nice work if you can get it 2:49 min
  • They can't take that away from me 3:06 min
  • Swanee 1:33 min
  • Liza 3:00 min
  • Someone to Watch Over Me 3:19 min
  • \'S\'Wonderful 2:36 min
  • Do it again! 3:15 min
  • Act I: Soon 2:56 min
  • Fascinating Rhythm/Someone To Watch Over Me 8:06 min
  • The Man I Love 3:04 min
  • Let\'s Call the Whole Thing Off 3:13 min
  • Love is here to stay 4:06 min
  • How long has this been going on? 3:04 min
  • Blues 4:10 min
  • Act II: But Not for Me 2:36 min
  • A Foggy Day 2:51 min
  • I’ll build a stairway to paradise 2:34 min
  • Allegro agitato 6:25 min
  • Overture 4:38 min
  • They All Laughed 2:43 min
  • Of Thee I Sing 2:40 min
  • Walking the Dog 2:53 min
  • Act II: I\'ve got a crush on you 2:16 min
  • Somebody loves me 2:54 min
  • Love Walked In/Embraceable You 4:09 min
  • Mine 2:56 min
  • Isn\'t it a Pity? 3:08 min
  • Introduction and Jazzbo Brown 3:02 min
  • Act II: It ain’t necessarily so 3:07 min
  • Act II: Bess you is my woman 5:11 min
  • Act II: I loves you, Porgy 3:40 min
  • My Man's Gone Now 5:33 min
  • Act III: There’s a boat dat’s leavin’ soon for New York 2:17 min
  • Who Cares? 3:17 min
  • Rhapsody in Blue 13:43 min
  • Strike up the band 2:41 min
  • An American in Paris 3:51 min