La péri : Work information
- Paul (Abraham) Dukas ( Music, Images,)
- Performed by
- Orchestre de Bordeaux-Aquitaine, Roberto Benzi (Conductor)
- Work name
- La péri
- Work number
- 1912-01-01 02:00:00
- Forlane CI
- Ivan Pastor
- Jean-Martial Golaz
- Recording date
- 1985-01-01 00:00:00
Paul (Abraham) Dukas
Paul Dukas turned to composition at the age of 13 as a way out of the grind of piano practice. Discovering a natural aptitude, he attended the Paris Conservatoire at age 16 and was entered for the Prix de Rome repeatedly. After failing to win the prestigious award, he took military service, after which he went back to composition. His first major work was the Wagnerian overture Polyeucte , which also displayed the influence of his idol César Franck. Following parallel careers as critic, orchestrator and editor of works of composers such as Jean-Philippe Rameau left Dukas little time for composition, but he completed a Symphony in C in 1897, the same year as his most famous piece.
L'Apprenti Sorcier (The Sorceror's Apprentice) was subtitled "...a symphonic scherzo after a ballad of Goethe", but the macabre jollity of the piece brings to mind none of the Teutonic gravitas one associates with the author of Faust. A great influence upon Stravinsky and Debussy, it is now widely known for its use in the Disney film Fantasia, and forms the crux of Dukas' reputation.
As Dukas aged, he became more exacting of his efforts. It took the best efforts of his friends to persuade him not to destroy certain works of his, and for long stretches he wrote virtually nothing. However, that which remains is of undeniable quality, using novel harmonies and modes such as the whole-tone scale. A liking for intellectual constructs blended with characteristically French lightness of touch influenced many other composers in the early part of the 20th century.
Virtually Dukas' last work despite living another 23 years, the ballet La peri was first performed by Natacha Trouhanova at Paris' Theatre du Chatelet on April 22 1912.
The story concerns an aging Persian nobleman who searches for the Flower of Immortality, only to find it in the sleeping hands of a beautiful Peri (a mythological descendent of the fallen angels). Having removed it, the Peri intoxicates him with her beauty and the dance of the Peris, and he gives the flower back.
Apparently written for a bet, this single movement 'poeme dansee' was almost destroyed by the composer, such was his disappointment with the work. Fortunately for us, his friends persuaded him of its worth, and it remains one of Dukas' best works. The popular fanfare was added to the ballet as an afterthought prior to its first perforamance.