Pietro Metastasio

Italian Born 03 Jan 1698 Died 12 Apr 1782

Metastasio was an Italian poet and librettist: his librettos were set over 800 times by different composers during the 18th and early 19th centuries and acquired a reputation unmatched in the history of opera.

Metastasio wrote librettos for 27 three-act heroic operas, several short dramatic works of the "azione teatrale" type, eight oratorios, and many serenatas, lyrical poems and canzonettas: he was sufficiently skilled in music to be able to set some of his own verses as well.

He worked in Rome, Naples, Venice, and Vienna, where he died.

His librettos were used for the operas of: Agricola, Anfossi, J.C. Bach, Bertoni, Bianchi, Bonno, Cafaro, Caldara, Cherubini, Cimarosa, Colla, Conforto, di Maio, Fiorillo, Galuppi, Gassmann, Gatti, Gluck, Handel, Hasse, Jommelli, Lampugnani, Latilla, Leo, Mayr, Mercadante, Meyerbeer, W.A. Mozart, Nasolini, Paer, Pampani, Porpora, Prati, Pugnani, Rispoli, Sacchini, Sales, Salieri, Sarro, Sarti, Scolari, Traetta, Vinci, Vivaldi.

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