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Nicola (Antonio) Porpora

Italian Born 17 Aug 1686 Died 03 Mar 1768

Porpora was internationally famous during his lifetime both as a composer (particulary of vocal music and opera) and as a singing teacher.

"Angelica" (of the great librettist Pietro Metastasio) was his first important poem intended for musical setting: one of Porpora's singing pupils, the later much-famed castrato Farinelli, made his d├Ębut in this same work.

He was in Milan, Naples, Dresden and other cities in Europe: his great period of operatic composition occurred between 1718 and 1742, after which his popularity among theatre audiences declined.

His final years of retirement were spent in considerable poverty.

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