Manuel de Falla (y Matheu)

Spanish Born 23 Nov 1876 Died 14 Nov 1946

Spanish composer Manuel de Falla was one of the central figures of 20th century Spanish music.

His music drew on the influence of many artistic movements, including neo-classicism, nationalism and impressionism.

His work, like that of many Spanish artists, was also strongly affected by the events of the civil war that ravaged the country from 1936 until 1939, and which inspired Hemingway’s “Farewell to arms” and “For whom the bell tolls”.

Many Spanish critics mistakenly attacked de Falla’s music as unpatriotic, largely because of the strong influence of the work of French composer Claude Debussy . It is certainly true that much of de Falla’s work relies heavily on the work of several leading French composers, but he was very much a nationalist and his music is unmistakably Spanish in origin.

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