Karol (Maciej) SzymanowskiPolish Born 06 Oct 1882 Died 29 Mar 1937
Szymanowski lived in Vienna from 1912 until the outbreak of the First World War, when he returned to Timoshovka. Musical life continued until the 1917 revolution, whereupon his family estate was ransacked and almost all his possessions seized or destroyed. He found escape from civil war in Elizavetgrad, and in 1920 returned to Warsaw, settling in Poland for the rest of his life. His connection with the country strengthened with his comprehensive treatments of the mazurka, whose greatest previous exponent, Chopin, he deeply admired. As his fame spread, he visited London and Brussels to attend performances of his works, even withstanding worsening tuberculosis to see his ballet Harnasie (1931) at the Paris Opera. The disease was to kill him a year later in 1937.