(Jacques) Pierre (Joseph) Rode

French Born 16 Feb 1774 Died 25 Nov 1830

At the age of 12, Rode was able to give succesful performances of concertos in his native town, and in 1790 Rode made his Paris dèbut, playing Viotti's Concerto n.13.

After European tournèes, in 1799 he returned to Paris where he resumed his duties at the Conservatoire: toward the end of that year, he played in Madrid and became friends with Boccherini.

In 1803 Spohr heard him in Brunswick and was captivated by his playing.

From 1804 to 1808 Rode was solo violinist to the tsar in St. Petersburg and enjoyed extraordinary popularity.

He resumed his European travels in 1811 and reached Vienna in 1812, where he gave the first performance of Beethoven's Violin Sonata op.96 (n. 9), with the Archeduke Rudolph at the piano.

From 1814, in Berlin, he composed the famous 24 Caprices for solo violin.

In 1828, he made an ill-advised attempt to play in Paris, and the concert was a complete fiasco and undermined his healt.

He was stricken with paralysis and died soon afterwards.

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