Ennio Morricone

Italian Born 10 Nov 1928

Although most famous for his film music for Serge Leone's 'dollars' trilogy starring Clint Eastwood, Ennio Moricone is also a concert composer who has embraced the serial techniques of the Second Viennese School (SchoenbergBerg and Webern). His success as a film composer is undoubtedly due to his juxtaposition and fusion of styles and influences, which range from classical to folk and rock, but his non-film works are becoming increasingly well known.

Born in Rome on 10 November 1928, Morricone quickly developed two distinct sides of his musical persona: one embraced  serialism under the tutelage of Petrassi, and the later experimentalism of the group Nuova Consonanza; the other involved him in all types of mass-media composition, including radio and television in addition to film.

Morricone first came to international attention with his music to Sergio Leone's Spaghetti Western films of the 1960s (A Fistful of dollars; For a Few Dollars More; The good, the Bad and the Ugly; Once Upon a Time in the West). He has continued to work with some of the greatest directors, including Bernardo Bertolucci and Brian de Palma, on more than 400 film scores, including The Mission (1986) and Casualties of War (1989).

In Morricone's non-film output, many of the works employ a pseudo-serial technique that he calls 'micro-cells'. Such economy of material, perhaps derived from his film-scoring techniques, has resulted in works like the Second Concerto for flute, cello and orchestra (1985) and Riflessi  (1989-90), three pieces for cello.

Among his numerous honours are five Academy Award nominations, a Grammy and a Leone d'oro. He was made Laurea ad Honorem by the University of Cagliari in 2000, and is a Commendatore dell'Ordine 'Al Meriot della Repubblica Italiana.

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