Baldassare Galuppi

Italian Born 18 Oct 1706 Died 03 Jan 1785

Baldassare Galuppi was born on Burano island, on October 18, 1706.

His father was a barber who played the violin well enough to work for orchestras. Galuppi's father gave him his first musical lessons.

In 1722, Galuppi travelled to Venezia and played the organ at churches to earn a little money.

Also during this time he composed his first opera, La Fede nell'incostanza; it was jeered off the stage.

This was such a blow to him that he decided to quit music entirely and become a barber.

At the time he met the musician Marcello, who managed to persuade Galuppi to study music at the Conservatorio degli Incurabili.

For three years Galuppi studied under Lotti, becoming one of the greatest pupils there.

When he graduated, Galuppi produced his second opera: Dorinda.

It was performed at Saint-Angelo Theatre in 1729. This time his music was appreciated.

After 1729, Galuppi composed a long series of operas, which were all performed throughout the principle theatres of Italia, including Scipione in Cartagine and Enrico which were also played in England.

Those two operas in fact managed to influence the entire school of English operatic composers.

In 1748, Galuppi was the assistant chapel master of St. Mark's Cathedral in Venezia, becoming the chapel-master in 1762.

- MIDI FILE - from Sonata in D for harpsichord: Adagio (1'40'')

Four years after this, he was invited to Russia by no less than Catherine II herself, and was offered a salary of 4000 rubles and free lodging and transportation.

Galuppi returned to Venezia in 1768, and for the remainder of his life composed operas and church music.

He also became director of the Conservatory degli Incurabili, bringing great fame to that institution.

Baldassare Galuppi died in Venezia on January 3, 1785.

Galuppi reached his fame through his popular comic operas, his most popular of all being Il Filosofo di campagna.

For a long time his works were greatly in style throughout Europa, and he had an influence on Deutsch comic opera.

- MIDI FILE - Toccata in D for harpsichord (5'32'')

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